The 29-year-old has joined Dale on loan from Cambridge United until January 2017.
The experienced Keane can play at full-back, centre-back or in midfield, and has clocked up over 350 senior appearances during his career so far.
Keane graduated from the youth ranks at Luton Town and played for Hatters across four divisions, including the Championship.
Leaving Luton after nine years at senior level, he went on to join Preston North End in 2012, where he made almost 70 appearances during his three year spell in the North West. A move to Cambridge United followed in 2015. He has also enjoyed loan stays at Stevenage.